Genetics is easier to understand than you might think. Here you will find accurate information on this powerful field of biological study, presented in clear language for everyone to understand and enjoy.
A mutation rate is the number of mutations which occur on average per generation. Mutation rates are determined by comparing the DNA of offspring to parents, and counting up the differences.
In 1961, Marshall Nirenberg cracked the genetic code, finally showing us the DNA language used by genes to build proteins. Today we are still working to figure out how those genes, and the proteins they build, affect our overall structure and appearance.